Abstract. Non-Italian scholars and poets found inspiration in the full sweep of the Italian tradition, choosing their sources from the earliest humanists to Castiglione and beyond. This may have been an open attempt to show that he was not a threat to the new government. He does not deny that the whole cultural movement of humanism ranged much more broadly than any specific political project. -Niccolo Machiavelli If we are to talk about civic humanism, by definition it is the modern term for the moral, social and political philosophy that in the course of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries began to be articulated in Italian city-states and most notably in Florence. In conclusion it is important to be just rather than unjust because their is no good reason to be unjust. He took particular interest in the actions of the leaders, specifically the key points in history which led to their rise to and fall from power. He also wants to show both the negative and positive sides of the Caesars, since he does not believe that any of them were without their flaws. a. Niccolò Machiavelli. Their citizens understand that the ruler will protect them, and they inherently trust him for the morality by which he guides his life. This entry examines the origins, key characteristics, and changing use of the concept of “civic humanism” by historians. How do his ideas reflect civic humanism? He wants the reader to understand their importance and their ability to predict future outcomes. He attempts, Discourses contains multiple meta reference to his own position in the court, primarily chapter XXIX, alluding to his own contribution to the state and the ingratitude paid to him when he was dismissed. Civic humanism has been one of the most influential of all concepts in the history of ideas. After all, he wasn’t trying to get back into a republican government, he was trying to serve the new…, In Machiavelli’s The Prince, Machiavelli is viewed as a callous and resourceful leader who emphasizes the pursuit of power and longevity, even if it advocates the use of violence preceding one’s own morals. Like Salutati, though perhaps with greater self-awareness, Machiavelli was ambiguous as to the relative merits of republics and monarchies. 7 Civic humanism, realist constitutionalism, and Francesco Guicciardini’s Discorso di Logrogno 200 Athanasios Moulakis 8 Bruni and Machiavelli on civic humanism 223 Harvey C. MansWeld 9 Rhetoric,reason, and republic: republicanisms– ancient, medieval, and modern 247 Cary J. Nederman vii. ― Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince. Civic humanism is one of the more interesting and important concepts in Renaissance studies, in part because of its unusually long afterlife, and in part because almost everything pertaining to it is controversial. This is likely because the contemporary event which he is comparing it to is his own life, as he feels that despite all his work for the state, his dedication to politics, the restored Medici family showed him a great level of ingratitude when they dismissed him from his position and blacklisted him from future position in politics. Civic Humanism is the duty of the good citizen in a republic. 6 Machiavelli’s Art of Politics: A Critique of Humanism and the Lessons of Rome jarrett a. carty this book On Civic Republicanism broadly contemplates both ancient and modern versions and traditions of civic republican political thought; thus, it is fitting to include in these considerations Niccolò Machiavelli, Loosely paraphrasing Aristotle, he held (in his Apologia [1585]) that poetry, by incorporating both particulars and universals, is capable of seeking truth in its perfect wholeness. Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) was an Italian philosopher/writer, and is considered one of the main founders of modern political science. Uses absolute terms Assessment: Machiavelli focuses on just “arms” à Machiavelli minimizes the importance of laws. Machiavelli’s civic education is central to his originality as a political thinker, but scholars of Renaissance political thought and civic republicanism too often interpret his advice to princes as merely a more effective means of achieving the same end desired by his humanist contemporaries and not a radical departure. In one way at least, Machiavelli is more humanistic (i.e., closer to the classics) than the other humanists, for while Vittorino and his school ransacked history for examples of virtue, Machiavelli (true to the spirit of Polybius, Livy, Plutarch, and Tacitus) embraced all of history—good, evil, and indifferent—as his school of reality. Yet Vergara’s Machiavelli is not Pocock’s great “civic humanist” preoccupied with maximizing virtù so as to reduce the potency and unpredictability of fortuna. Although Italian humanism was being torn apart by the natural development of its own basic motives, it did not thereby lose its native attractions. He also wrote about how a leader must conform to the times in which he lives, something he did when he graciously stepped down from his position as a civil servant of Soderini despite his desires to maintain the reformed republic. Baron used the term civic humanism to describe the fusion of twodistinct currents of Florentine thought: apolitical so-called“Petrarchan” humanism, on the one hand, and the Guelftradition of patriotic resistance by the Florentine city-state toimperial domination, on the other (Kallendorf 1996). 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