The increasing tensions in Rome between Julius Caesar and Pompey first impacted Alexandria negatively in 48 BCE. Passing through Egypt, Alexander wanted to build a large Greek city on Egypt's coast that would bear his name. Your email address will not be published. When I lived in Alexandria I often witnessed the sunrise and sunset along the Shara’a Fuad , the modern tarmac road that today runs directly over the ancient Canopus Way –a fact confirmed by the Egyptian astronomer Mahmoud El Falaki Bey in the 1870s.  Ptolemy at first ruled from the old Egyptian capital of Memphis. License.  From ancient sources it is known there existed a trading post at this location during the time of Rameses the Great for trade with Crete, but it had long been lost by the time of Alexander's arrival. There was also the town of Menouthis. Some critics have advanced the idea that the builders of this masterpiece intended to make it a composite structure, combining the diverse elements of Egyptian and Greek art into a harmonious whole. 1 day in Alexandria Cruising to Ancient Egypt. Alexandria tour from Cairo. Athineos The main sport that interests Alexandrians is football, as is the case in the rest of Egypt and Africa. Alexandria, Egypt. The city lies on the Mediterranean Sea at the western edge of the Nile River delta, about 114 miles (183 km) northwest of Cairo in Lower Egypt. Other catacombs and tombs have been opened in Kom El Shoqafa (Roman) and Ras El Tin (painted). The Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport is a semi-private educational institution that offers courses for high school, undergraduate level, and postgraduate students. The Egyptian city of Alexandria was established in 331 BCE by its Eponymous founder, Alexander the Great. The city was a major centre of early Christianity and was the centre of the Patriarchate of Alexandria, which was one of the major centres of Christianity in the Eastern Roman Empire. In the modern world, the Coptic Orthodox Church and the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria both lay claim to this ancient heritage. Lighthouse of Alexandria [Artist's Impression], by Ubisoft Entertainment SA (Copyright, fair use). The architect Dinocrates of Rhodes designed the city, using a Hippodamian grid plan. In addition, the Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology in New Borg El Arab city is a research university set up in collaboration between the Japanese and Egyptian governments in 2010. Alexandria, which had been a city of prosperity and learning, became an arena of religious contention between the new faith of the Christians and the old faith of the pagan majority. He was the disciple of Sheikh Abu Abbas El Mursi, who was the disciple of Abu El Hasan El Shadali, who is known to be a servant of God. Here, substructures of a large building or group of buildings have been exposed, which are perhaps part of the Serapeum. See all. Construction of the Alexandria Metro is due to begin in 2020 at a cost of $1.05 billion.. Also there is a Jewish synagogue. The most important Coptic Orthodox churches in Alexandria include Pope Cyril I Church in Cleopatra, Saint Georges Church in Sporting, Saint Mark & Pope Peter I Church in Sidi Bishr, Saint Mary Church in Assafra, Saint Mary Church in Gianaclis, Saint Mina Church in Fleming, Saint Mina Church in Mandara and Saint Takla Haymanot's Church in Ibrahimeya. He lived alone but was visited daily by emirs, viziers, and crowds that wished to eat with him. Alexandria lost much of its former importance to the Egyptian port city of Rosetta during the 9th to 18th centuries, and only regained its former prominence with the construction of the Mahmoudiyah Canal in 1807. These have been steadily excavated by Professor Jean-Yves Empereur and his team who continue to bring to light the lost golden age of Alexandria. Mangasarian writes. It is a large tourist destination, today. The city is also home to the Alexandria Sporting Club, which is especially known for its basketball team, which traditionally provides the country's national team with key players. It was definitely the most beautiful of the big cities I visited in Egypt. The most extensive ancient excavation currently being conducted in Alexandria is known as Kom El Deka. After the Battle of Ridaniya in 1517, the city was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and remained under Ottoman rule until 1798. 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